Whether you are looking for an upright or a grand piano the basic rules remain the same when choosing a Piano. One must consider, both the size and the cost of the instrument to fit ones budget and the room where you wish to house the Piano.
Generally, a larger piano with longer strings will create a much better depth of sound. Smaller instruments both Grand & upright Pianos will produce a lesser quality of sound, due to the speaking length of the strings.
When considering a modern instrument, they are constructed with the bass strings overstrung which means that the bass strings run diagonally across the piano crossing over the treble string, this enables the Bass strings to be longer thus giving a longer speaking lent and better quality of sound.
An older instrument may not have this stringing arrangement, and are generally known as straight-strung Bass section, which means that the strings run parallel to each other which lesser the length of the Bass strings offering a far less quality and depth of sound. Modern upright pianos are under-damped which means that the dampers are located beneath the hammer head, this setup is much more effective than over-damped Pianos.
If you look in the top of a upright piano in an overdamper action, the hammers are below. The dampers, thus giving rise to the name over-damped.
Generally, this kind of piano should be avoided, due to it’s age and performance – response when playing, they could also be very tough to tune or keep their tuning.
On the other hand, a very good quality over-damped upright piano could make a wonderful addition to your home, but I would suggest to get it assessed by an expert first before buying.
If you find an instrument that you like, we suggest that you look over the piano externally, play it and then look inside. The following points should help you decide whether an instrument is worth buying.
- Check the casework and appearance of the piano for damage, dose the colour of the piano suits your home.
- Check each key to see if they are level and evenly spaced?
- Play each key rapidly, to see if they are responding well and not sticking.
- Check to see if the sound of the piano is Similar across the whole keyboard? Did any notes stand out louder/softer than others.
- Check the piano for any buzzing, squeaks, of knocking sounds.
- Check each peddle to see if they are working, without making unwanted noises
- Always make sure to look inside the piano:
- Check to see if the action looks intact without missing parts.
- Check for any damage to both the action and strings, look along the line of strings to see if there are any missing or broken.
- When considering buying a piano, please make sure you check the instrument, or even better take a qualified piano tuner with you.
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